The Department of Science and Mathematics functions to provide biology, chemistry, natural science, physics, and mathematics courses that introduce students to the tremendous complexity and diversity found in all living things and to the elements of the physical world in which they live.

The department seeks to provide students with the opportunity to acquire the mathematical knowledge and reasoning skills necessary for their chosen field of study. The department also exists to prepare students for participation in professional programs of study, including health sciences, research, and education. It also strives to enhance each student’s appreciation for God’s wisdom in His works of creation and to inform students of humanity’s relationship with creation, including the need for the responsible stewardship of natural resources.

Mission Statement

Rochester College cultivates academic excellence, principled character, servant leadership and global awareness through a rigorous educational experience that integrates liberal arts and professional studies within an inclusive Christian heritage

Career Opportunities

  • Education, medicine, pharmacy, veterinary science, engineering, environmental biology, environmental science, and other scientific fields.
  • Business, government service, industry, and teaching.
  • Continue studies with graduate work in such fields as computer science, economics, mathematics or statistics.


Bachelor of Science (BS) Options:  Minors
Courses required for a minor cannot be concurrently applied toward courses within the degree core, major, concentration, or track. With departmental approval students may use other courses, within the area of study, to substitute duplicate requirements.

  • General Science – Requires 8 hours of BIO lab courses; 8 hours of CHE, NSC, or PHS lab courses; and at least 2 hours of any BIO, CHE, NSC, or PHS.
  • Biology – BIO 1014, 1024, and 3324. Choice of any two additional BIO courses, one of which must be upper-division.
  • Chemistry – CHE 1514, 1524, 2514, 2524, and 3514.
  • Mathematics – Requires 12 hours of MAT above 1103, including MAT 2514 and 2524, and 6 hours of upper-division MAT.



The GEO Natural Science Field Study provides an opportunity to fulfill a general education lab/science class requirement in an experiential, hands-on manner. In 2017, students visited Sunset Crater Volcano and Grand Canyon National Park in AZ, Zion National Park and Arches National Park in Utah, and Rocky Mountain National Park in Colorado among other stops.

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BIO 1014 Biological Science I with Lab
Cellular structure and function, cell division and reproduction, genetics, metabolism and development. For beginning majors. Includes a laboratory component. Course fee.

BIO 1024 Biological Science II with Lab
Plant and animal anatomy and physiology, ecology, and evolution. Includes laboratory component. Course fee.

BIO 1113 Topics in Modern Biology
An issues-based examination of the basic concepts of biology, covering the core content of a college biology course at a level appropriate for non-majors. Topics to be discussed include science ethics, human genetics, classification of organisms, variation and diversity, nutrition and health, infectious diseases, and others. Credit cannot be given for BIO 1113 and BIO 1014 or BIO 1024.

BIO 2011 Introduction to Human Anatomy and Physiology Lab
A lab to accompany BIO 2013. CR: BIO 2013. Course fee.

BIO 2013 Introduction to Human Anatomy and Physiology
A non-laboratory study of the functioning of the human body with an emphasis on the interaction of organs and systems. Discussion of disease prevention and health also included. Credit cannot be given for BIO 2013 and BIO 2114 or 2124.

BIO 2114 Human Anatomy and Physiology I
Structure and function of the muscular, skeletal, nervous, and endocrine systems and how they work together to support the human body. Supplementary topics include cell biology and histology. Includes laboratory component. Course fee.

BIO 2124 Human Anatomy and Physiology II
Structure and function of the circulatory, lymph, respiratory, digestive, urinary, and reproductive systems. Supplementary topics include electrolyte, acid/base, and fluid balance. Includes a laboratory component. Course fee. PR: BIO 2114.

BIO 2224 Introductory Botany and Zoology
Introductory anatomy, physiology, taxonomy, and ecology for the major phyla of the plant and animal kingdoms. Includes a laboratory component. Course fee.

BIO 2313 Nutrition
Principles of nutrition, metabolism, food values, and dietary requirements for healthy body maintenance and growth.

BIO 3214 General Ecology
Basic ecological concepts with labs covering experimental designs and research methods used to study and interpret data. Biomes, community interactions, population dynamics, energy, and material flow. Includes a laboratory component. Course fee. PR: BIO 1014 and BIO 1024.

BIO 3324 Microbiology
Fundamental concepts of microbiology with emphasis on the morphology and physiology of microorganisms. Includes applications of microbiology in medicine, food preparation, and industry. Includes a laboratory component. PR: Grade of C or higher in BIO 1014 or BIO 1124 or PI. Course fee.

BIO 3334 Exercise Physiology
Basic physiological concepts as they relate to exercise and human performance, with emphasis on cardio-respiratory systems. Includes muscle contraction mechanisms, circulatory and respiratory adjustment during exercise, and nutrition for physical activity. Includes a laboratory component. Course fee. PR: BIO 1014 and BIO 2124.

BIO 3414 Genetics
Structure and function of DNA, genes, gene expression, inheritance patterns, prokaryote and eukaryote chromosome structure, and modern gene technology. Laboratory includes classic and molecular exercises in genetics. Course fee. PR: BIO 1014.

BIO 3413 Cell Biology
This course will focus on the chemistry and biology of cellular life at the sub-cellular level, focusing on the eukaryotic cell. Includes review of the basic chemical interactions that underlie life, the cell membrane and processes associated with the membrane, the cytoskeleton, protein transport, cell signaling and the cell division cycle. May also include the details of transcription and translation. PR: BIO 1014 and BIO 3324.


CHE 1314 Introduction to Chemistry I
Atomic structure, bonding, and quantitative principles in chemistry. Acids, bases, solutions, and chemical reactions. Includes a laboratory component. Course fee. PR/CR: MAT 1103 or 1203, or Math ACT 21+.

CHE 1324 Introduction to Chemistry II
Classes, properties, and reactions of organic compounds. Structure, function, and metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids. Includes a laboratory component. Course fee. PR: CHE 1314.

CHE 1514 College Chemistry I
Theory and quantitative principles of chemistry:
Stoichiometry, atomic and molecular structure, gas law, thermochemistry, and solutions. Includes a laboratory component. PR/CR: MAT 1334 or Math ACT of 24 or above or Math SAT of 580 or above. Course fee.

CHE 1524 College Chemistry II
Continuation of CHE 1514. Includes equilibria, precipitation reactions in aqueous solutions, kinetics, acids and bases, oxidation-reduction reactions, coordination compounds, nuclear chemistry, and a brief introduction to organic chemistry. Includes a laboratory component. PR: Grade of C or better in CHE 1514. Course fee.

CHE 2514 Organic Chemistry I
Structure, reactions, mechanism, and synthesis in the field of organic chemistry. Includes a laboratory component. PR: CHE 1524. Course fee.

CHE 2524 Organic Chemistry II
Continuation of CHE 2514. Reactions of aliphatic and aromatic compounds. Reaction mechanisms, multistep syntheses, heterocyclic compounds, amino acids, proteins, carbohydrates, and nucleic acids. Includes a laboratory component. PR: CHE 2514. Course fee.

CHE 3514 Biochemistry I
Structure and function of proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids. Enzyme mechanisms, kinetics, and regulation. Bioenergetics and catabolism. Includes a laboratory component. PR: CHE 2514. Course fee.


MAT 0101 Pre-Algebra
Students who have a Math ACT score of 15 or below, new SAT Math score of 20 or below, or an Accuplacer score of 47 or below will be required to successfully complete a Pre-Algebra Workshop in the Fall semester or must enroll in pre-algebra course from an accredited college or university to enrich their math skills prior to enrolling in Beginning Algebra.

MAT 1003 Beginning Algebra
Reviews properties of real numbers and arithmetic; algebraic properties; linear equations and inequalities; graphing linear equations, functions, and inequalities; equations of lines; 2×2 systems of linear equations and inequalities; exponents and polynomials; factoring; introduction to quadratic equations and functions; and applications. May include an introduction to rational expressions and functions. As of Fall 2007, does not count toward graduation. Required if Math ACT is 21 or below, new SAT Math score is 27 or below, or Accuplacer math score is 108 or below.

MAT1103 Intermediate Algebra
Continuation of MAT 1003. Rational expressions, equations, and functions; absolute value equations and inequalities; 2×2 and 3×3 systems of linear equations; radical expressions and equation; complex numbers; quadratic equations and inequalities; graphing quadratic equations; quadratic and rational inequalities; graphing linear, absolute value, quadratic, square-root, and cubic functions; algebra of functions; inverse functions; introduction to logarithmic and exponential functions; and applications. PR: Minimum Math ACT of 22, or minimum new Math SAT score of 27.5, or minimum Accuplacer math score of 109, or minimum grade of C- in MAT 1003.

MAT 1203 Survey of Mathematics
Overview of the essence of mathematics and its applications for the non-science, non-mathematics student. Emphasis placed on the development of critical thinking skills, reasoning abilities, and problem solving skills. Topics may include, but are not limited to, sets, algebra, geometry, consumer math, linear equations, systems of equations, formulas, and application problems. PR (for traditional only): Math ACT of 22, or minimum new Math SAT score of 109, or C- or above in MAT 1003.

MAT 1334 Pre-Calculus
Trigonometric functions of angles and real numbers; right triangle trigonometry; law of sines, law of cosines, trigonometric graphs and identities; inverse trigonometric functions; and applications. Equations; inequalities; relations; functions, graphs of functions; composite functions; inverse functions; polynomial and rational functions; exponential and logarithmic functions; systems of equations; Gaussian elimination; partial fractions; and applications. May include sequences, summation notation, geometric series, or mathematical induction. PR: Math ACT of 25 or above, or new Math SAT of 30 or above, or minimum grade of C- in MAT 1103.

MAT 2213 Math for Elementary Teachers I
Number sense and numeration, whole number operations, fractions, decimals, computational algorithms, patterns, relations, functions, and informal algebra. Emphasizes content with references to NCTM standards, MDE benchmarks, and materials and strategies appropriate to teaching elementary school mathematics. Satisfies General Education requirement for students seeking elementary certification. PR: Grade C or better in MAT 1103, or Math ACT of 25 or above, or new SAT Math of 30 or above. Course fee.

MAT 2223 Math for Elementary Teachers II
Properties of two- and three-dimensional geometric figures, similarity and congruence, common and metric measurement, introductory statistics and probability. Emphasizes content with references to NCTM standards, MDE benchmarks, and materials and strategies appropriate to teaching elementary school mathematics. Satisfies General Education requirement for students seeking elementary certification. PR: Grade C or better in MAT 2213. Course fee.

MAT 2233 Finite Mathematics
Straight lines and linear functions; systems of linear equations and matrices; Gauss-Jordan elimination; linear programming and the simplex method; sets and counting; probability; mathematics of finance; and an introduction to difference equations and graph theory. PR: Math ACT of 22, or minimum new SAT Math of 27.5, or minimum grade of C- or better in MAT 1003.

MAT 2413 Elementary Statistics
Descriptive statistics; introductory probability; probability distributions; binomial and normal distributions; estimation; hypothesis testing; linear regression and correlation; and applications. May include goodness-of-fit tests; statistical process control; or nonparametric statistics. PR: Minimum Math ACT of 22, or minimum new SAT Math of 27.5, or minimum grade of C- in MAT 1003 or MAT 1203.

MAT 2514 Calculus and Analytic Geometry I
Limits and continuity; differentiation and applications; integration and area; calculus of transcendental functions; and introduction to applications of integration. May include an introduction to differential equations. PR: Minimum Math ACT of 28 or Math SAT of 640, and sufficient high school preparation, or a minimum grade of C- in MAT 1334.

MAT 2524 Calculus and Analytic Geometry II
Continues MAT 2514. Applications of integration; differential equations; techniques of integration; L’Hopital’s rule; improper integrals; infinite series; conics; parametric equations; and polar coordinates. May include an introduction to vectors and the geometry of space. PR: Minimum grade of C- in MAT 2514.

MAT 3212 Technology in Mathematics Education
Focus on the use and integration of instructional technology in the K-12 mathematics curriculum. Education candidates explore the concepts of how to best utilize technologies in math to help students achieve, think critically, and prepare for the world outside of school. Hands-on experience using Internet resources, web-based applications, and instructional software that explore and analyze data and connect numerical, symbolic, and geometric representations.

MAT 3303 Modern Algebra
Concepts of groups, rings, integral domains and fields, and abstract reasoning. PR: MAT 2524.

MAT 3334 Algebraic, Proportional, and Mathematical Reasoning
Development of algebraic and proportional reasoning as well as an examination of reasoning and proof through logic, conjecture, argument and formal proof. Also entails an examination of the relationships between the aforementioned concepts. Emphasis is placed on problem-solving strategies and concept development. PR: MAT 2213 and 2223.

MAT 3343 Geometry for Elementary Teachers
Examination of two- and three-dimensional geometric objects using different representational systems, transformations and symmetry, and problem solving involving geometry. Includes technology and manipulatives for the geometry classroom. PR: MAT 2223. Course fee.

MAT 3534 Calculus and Analytic Geometry III
Continues MAT 2524. Vectors and the geometry of space; vector-valued functions; functions of several variables; and multiple integration. May include an introduction to vector analysis. PR: C- or better in MAT 2524.

MAT 3614 Linear Algebra
Systems of linear equations, matrices, and determinants; linear combinations and linear independence; vector spaces; linear transformations; eigenvalues and eigenvectors; inner product spaces; and applications. May include linear programming. PR: Minimum grade of C- in MAT 2524. Recommended PR: MAT 3534.

MAT 3624 Differential Equations
First-order ordinary differential equations; linear differential equations of higher-order; differential equations with variable coefficients; power series solutions; Laplace transforms; and applications. May include an introduction to systems of linear first-order differential equations and numerical methods for ordinary differential equations. PR: Minimum grade of C- in MAT 2524.

MAT 4653 College Geometry
Euclidean, hyperbolic, spherical, finite, fractal and taxi-cab geometries, including applications to real life situations, use of multiple geometry software programs, and some pedagogy for secondary mathematics education students. PR: MAT 2524.

MAT 4952/4962 Senior Math Seminar
The history of mathematics as well as issues involved in mathematics education. Includes curriculum, standards and the professional mathematics teaching community, as well as an examination of the roles of both women and minorities in mathematics. This course concentrates on the development of a scientific paper in the field of mathematics. PR: Senior status.


NSC 1003/1004 Earth Science
Includes Earth’s composition, internal and external processes, plate tectonics, map reading and interpretation, geologic structures, atmosphere and weather, history of astronomy, the solar system, classification and formation of stars and galaxies, and cosmology. These topics will be investigated by applying fundamental concepts of physical science including properties of matter, energy, electricity and magnetism, motion, light and sound. NSC 1004 includes a lab component. Course fee. NSC 1003 is offered for accelerated programs only.

NSC 1013 Environmental Science
Current environmental issues that contribute to understanding humanity’s responsibility for the earth’s resources. Includes the study of acid rain, greenhouse effect, and toxic waste. Offered for accelerated programs only.

NSC 2204 Natural Science Field Study
Various geological, environmental, conservation and climate topics are explored in a field study experience. Specific topics covered depend on the locations visited. Counts as a lab course. Travel fee variable.

NSC 3114 Earth’s Waters
Range of human understanding and interaction with water from seas, streams, lakes, groundwater, glaciers, precipitation, and the atmosphere. Emphasizes man’s impact on water as a resource. Includes laboratory component. Course fee. PR: BIO 1014 and CHE 1524.

NSC 4513 Natural Science Internship
Applies theory to “real world” field experiences related to the student’s major through a minimum of 150 hours of work experience with an approved employer; completion of work journal; internship reports; and reading related professional materials. Graded on a pass/fail basis. PR: Completion of 75 credit hours, including 30 hours of the student’s specific major/concentration.

NSC 4612 Senior Seminar in Natural Science
Conduction of a scientific research project in consultation with a science-faculty adviser. Includes design, data collection, identifying and manipulating variables, organization and analysis of data, evaluation, and communication. Required for graduation. Taken in the final six hours of the program. PR: PI.

NSC 4712 Senior Seminar in Medical Science
Capstone course for students in Pre-Med or Pre-PA concentrations for Interdisciplinary Studies. Includes formation of a personal statement, preparation and presentation of a paper, and may include experience placements in a variety of health care settings. PR: Jr. status, PI.

NSC 4901/4902/4903/4904 Topics in Science
Presentation of paper or project. Four credits maximum.


PHS 2003/4 Astronomy
History of astronomy, the solar system, classification and formation of stars, galaxies, and cosmology. PHS 2004 includes laboratory and observational investigations. Course fee. PHS 2003 is offered for accelerated programs only. PR: MAT 1103.

PHS 2014 General Physics I
Fundamentals of mechanics, thermodynamics, and sound. Lab includes experiments with motion, mechanics, energy, thermodynamics, momentum, waves, and sound. Course fee. CR/PR: MAT 1334.

PHS 2024 General Physics II
Magnetism, electricity, optics, light, and atomic physics. Lab includes experiments with circuits, electricity, optics, Bohr Theory, and magnetism. Course fee. PR: MAT 1334.